What Are The Risks To Getting A Booster Shot
So far, reactions reported after getting the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna booster shot were similar to that of the two-shot primary series. Fatigue and pain at the injection site were the most commonly reported side effects, and overall, most side effects were mild to moderate. However, as with the two-shot primary series, serious side effects are rare, but may occur. Similarly, reactions after the second dose of the Janssen vaccine were similar to those experienced with the first dose.
Reactions after getting a COVID-19 vaccine can vary from person to person. Reactions reported after getting a booster shot are like those after the two-dose or single-dose primary shots. Fever, headache, fatigue, and pain at the injection site were the most reported side effects, and overall, most side effects were mild to moderate. Vaccination protects you from severe COVID-19 infection even if you have side effects after vaccination.
Moderna Expected To Miss Sept 20 Deadline For Booster Approval
WASHINGTON U.S. regulators dont expect to meet the Biden administrations Sept. 20 timeline of making booster shots widely available to those who received the Moderna Covid vaccine, said a person familiar with the process.
Top health officials informed the White House they will need more time to review the Moderna application because the data the company submitted Sept. 1 was found inadequate and needs strengthening, the person said.
But officials believe regulators are still on track to make a decision on boosters for Pfizers vaccine by Sept. 20. The FDA has an advisory committee meeting scheduled to discuss the Pfizer boosters Sept. 17, the person said.
How Long Should I Wait Before I Get A Covid
Eligible people 5-11 years who received Pfizer should wait at least 5 months after their second dose to receive a monovalent Pfizer booster.
Eligible people ages 12 and up who received Pfizer or Moderna should wait at least 2 months after their second dose. People 12-17 years old are only eligible for a Pfizer bivalent booster at this time. People who are 18+ years old are eligible for a Pfizer or Moderna bivalent booster.
People who are immunocompromised, and are at least 12 years old, are eligible for a bivalent booster at least 2 months after completion of their primary series or their most recent booster dose. Those ages 12-17 are only eligible for a Pfizer bivalent booster. Those 18+ years old are eligible for either Pfizer or Moderna bivalent booster.
People 18 years and older should wait at least 2 months after receiving their Johnson & Johnson/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine to receive a Moderna or Pfizer bivalent booster.
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Moderna: New Bivalent Covid Vaccine Booster Superior Against Omicron
Editors note: For the latest news on COVID-19, visit.
Moderna has created a bivalent COVID-19 vaccine booster that it says provides a superior antibody response against the SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant and could be ready for distribution this fall.
As we look to the fall infection season with respiratory viruses with SARS-CoV-2 and the ongoing circulation of omicron and its subvariants, we believe strongly that this data supports an update of the vaccine from the sequence weve been using from years ago to the bivalent omicron-containing booster demonstrated here, Moderna President Stephen Hoge, M.D., said in a conference call Wednesday.
Moderna said the goal of its bivalent booster is to address waning neutralizing antibody titers and new variants as well as to improve durability of protection. The summary data announced in a press release come from a phase 2/3 study. They have not been formally published or peer reviewed.
Adults in the study previously received a Moderna vaccine primary series and one Moderna booster dose. As part of the trial, they were given a 50-microgram fourth dose of either the prototype booster or the new bivalent booster. The bivalent booster contains 25 µg of the prototype vaccine and 25 µg of an updated antigen against omicron.
Do I Qualify For A Third Dose Of The Covid
The CDC recommends a third dose for patients ages 5 and up who are moderately or severely immunocompromised. This includes those with the following conditions:
- Active or recent treatment for cancer
- Previous stem cell transplant or CAR T-cell therapy
- Previous solid organ transplant
- Moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency
- Advanced or untreated HIV infection
- Active treatment with immune-suppressing medications, including high-dose corticosteroids, chemotherapy, tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, and other biologic agents that suppress or modulate the immune system
This recommendation only applies to individuals who received an mRNA vaccine, in other words, the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine. At this time, the CDC is not recommending an additional dose for patients who received the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccine, even if they are immunocompromised. However, those who received the J& J/Janssen vaccine are now eligible for a booster shot if they received their initial dose at least 2 months ago.
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If I Qualify For A Third Dose How Long Do I Need To Wait After My Second Dose Of An Mrna Vaccine Before Receiving An Additional Dose
If you have one of the above conditions, you are eligible to receive a third dose if:
Do Moderna Recipients Really Need A Booster
Scientists are divided on the necessity of Moderna booster shots. Many have emphasized that the vaccines first two doses already leave recipients well-protected from severe illness. A study published in August found that Moderna was 93% effective against hospitalization, compared to 88% for Pfizer, and 71% for J& J. While Pfizers efficacy dropped to 77% after four months, Modernas remained high.
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Do You Need A Booster If You Were Recently Infected
Moss notes that the status of an individuals COVID immunity results from a combination of factors, including the number of vaccine doses they received, if they were infected with the virus and the timing of all those events.
We cant test everyone to see where they are in terms of their antibodies against BA.5 and decide who needs and who does not need vaccination based on that, Moss says. I would say that if someone knows they were infected with BA.5and thats a lot of peoplethey should probably still get the booster. He notes that although people who have been infected with Omicron may retain some natural immunity to the virus, they will probably get additional protection from the booster. Such people should consider waiting three months postinfection before getting the new shot, according to CDC recommendations, and people with a current COVID infection should wait until they are fully recovered. Highly vulnerable groups, such as older adults or the immunocompromised, will likely benefit the most, Moss adds.
What If I Got A Different Vaccine
Whether you received Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, or Moderna vaccines, if youre eligible for a booster, youre allowed to receive a different brand than your original COVID vaccine. Boosters are recommended for Pfizer recipients who had their final vaccine dose more than six months ago and are either over 65 or are at high-risk for COVID-19 because of health conditions, their jobs, or their living situation. Boosters are recommended for all Johnson & Johnson recipients who had their shot more than 2 months ago. A study conducted by the National Institutes of Healthwhich has not yet been peer reviewedindicated that mixing and matching was safe and effective. No matter which vaccine you received initially, the Moderna booster will only be a half-dose. Heres how to decide which booster is right for you.
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What Are The Updated Boosters Made Of
The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID vaccines contain snippets of viral genetic material called mRNA. Once injected, it cant create a whole virus, but it does tell cells to build one isolated piece, the infamous spike protein found on the surface of SARS-CoV-2. When the human immune system detects that protein, it starts to produce antibodies and activate other immune cells that can fight the actual virus.
The updated boosters contain mRNA instructions for both the ancestral spike protein and the one on Omicron BA.4 and BA.5. This is why the new shots induce a broader immune response. All of the other ingredientssuch as lipids, salts and acids, which help protect the mRNA and deliver it to our cells, balance acidity and maintain the stability of the vaccinehavent changed from the original formulation. The overall dose of each updated booster is also the same as the original boosters.
This is part of the benefit of having an mRNA vaccine, where you can change only the variants and keep everything else consistent, says Gigi Gronvall, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. I wish that we had had these updated vaccines earlier.
Protect Yourself From The Worst Of Covid
Federal health officials have authorized new updated COVID-19 vaccines, known as bivalent boosters, designed specifically to target the omicron subvariants.
The new bivalent booster vaccines are different from all previous COVID-19 vaccines and boosters since they target the virus strains currently circulating, as well as the original strains. The new bivalent booster generates a stronger immune response against current and future variants.
Regardless of the primary vaccine received, everyone 5 and up should receive a bivalent booster two months after their second dose or their last booster shot. A complete primary series of vaccine is required before receiving a bivalent booster.
Children age 6 months to 4 years are not eligible for a bivalent booster.
People who are moderately to severely immunocompromised should consult with their specialty provider about timing and dosage of vaccines.
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Did Moderna Change Any Of The Ingredients In The Vaccine After Changing The Name Of Its Vaccine
No, the company did not change any of the ingredients in their vaccine after changing the name for the same. As per the latest rules of the Food and Drug Administration of the United States, once the vaccines are approved by the administration, companies can market the vaccine under brand names. Moderna chose the brand name Spikevax. Currently, do not worry about the effectiveness or ingredients of the vaccine, as the company has just changed the name, not the formula.
What Should I Do With My Vaccine Card
You should get a small white card at your vaccination appointment with your name, birth date, name of the vaccine you received and the date it was administered. If you receive the Pfizer, Moderna or Novavax vaccine, bring your card when you get your second shot. You may need your vaccine card to schedule a third vaccine dose, for certain immunocompromised people, or a booster shot. You may also need it for certain kinds of travel or other activities and may want to take a photo of it with your smartphone for your own records. But experts warn that posting a photo of your card to social media could make you vulnerable to identity theft. If youve lost your vaccine card, call the site where you were vaccinated to request a new one or a copy of your vaccination record. You can also contact the state health department to request a replacement card or a copy of your record.
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What Are The Ingredients Of The Moderna Covid Vaccine
You check the below-given list to find all the ingredients of the Moderna COVID vaccine.
- Nucleoside-modified mRNA encoding the viral spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2
- PEG2000-DMG: 1,2-dimyristoyl-rac-glycerol, methoxy polyethylene glycol
- SM-102: heptadecane-9-yl 8- hexyl) amino) octanoate
- Tromethamine hydrochloride
Apart from the main ingredients, we have also included them in the list of ingredients that are not part of the vaccine. We have included these two to clear out all the rumors regarding the vaccines.
- Moderna has not added any kind of preservatives like thimerosal or mercury or any other preservatives.
- Moderna has not added any kind of antibiotics like sulfonamide or any other antibiotics.
- There are no medicines or therapeutics like ivermectin or any other medications.
- Tissues like aborted fetal cells, gelatin, or any materials from any animal are also not part of the vaccine.
- The company has not added any kind of food proteins like eggs or egg products, gluten, peanuts, tree nuts, nut products, or any nut byproducts .
- Metals like iron, nickel, cobalt, titanium, rare earth alloys, or any manufactured products like microelectronics, electrodes, carbon nanotubes or other nanostructures, or nanowire semiconductors are also not part of the vaccine.
- Moderna has not added any kind of latex to the vaccine. Apart from that, vial stoppers used to hold the vaccine also do not contain latex.
When Are You Considered Up To Date
You are up to date with your COVID-19 vaccines when you have completed a primary series and, when eligible, received the most recent booster dose recommended for you. If you have completed your primary series, but are not yet eligible for a booster, you are also considered up to date. The recommendations will be different depending on which vaccine you received, your age, your health status, and when you first got vaccinated.
- Everyone 6 months and older should get all doses in their COVID-19 vaccine primary series. Pfizer, Moderna, or Novavax COVID-19 vaccines are preferred over Johnson & Johnsons COVID-19 vaccine in most situations.
- Everyone 5 years and older needs an updated booster dose to stay up to date with COVID-19 vaccines. The updated booster gives you increased protection against Omicron variants which cause most of the current COVID-19 cases.
- You can get it at least two months after your last COVID-19 primary vaccine or original booster.
- You can use the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s COVID-19 booster tool to learn if and when you can get boosters to stay up to date with your COVID-19 vaccines.
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When Are You Up To Date
You are up to date with your COVID-19 vaccines if you have completed a COVID-19 vaccine primary series and received the most recent booster dose recommended for you by CDC.
COVID-19 vaccine recommendations are based on three things:
People who are moderately or severely immunocompromised have different recommendations for COVID-19 vaccines.
You are still up to date if you receive all COVID-19 vaccine doses recommended for you and then become ill with COVID-19. You do not need to be immediately revaccinated or receive an additional booster.
For Healthcare Workers:
Children And Teens Ages 6 Months17 Years
COVID-19 vaccine dosage is based on age on the day of vaccination, not on size or weight. Children get a smaller dose of COVID-19 vaccine than teens and adults based on their age group.
Getting your 2nd dose: Talk to your healthcare or vaccine provider about the timing for the 2nd dose in your primary series.
- People ages 6 months through 64 years, and especially males ages 12 through 39 years, may consider getting the 2nd primary Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, or Novavax 8 weeks after the 1st dose.
- A longer time between the 1st and 2nd primary doses may increase how much protection the vaccines offer, and further minimize the rare risk of myocarditis and pericarditis.
Staying up to date: If you have completed your primary series, but are not yet eligible for a booster, you are also considered up to date.
: You may get a monovalent Novavax booster if you are unable or unwilling to receive a Pfizer or Moderna updated COVID-19 booster and you meet the following requirements:
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Nbcs Tom Costello Tells Story Of Friend With Breakthrough Covid
These things happen and are part of the process,” the person said. “We have and will continue to follow the science.”
Top U.S. health officials announced Aug. 18 that the country plans to start offering Covid-19 booster shots to all Americans beginning the third week of September, citing evidence that protection against infection is waning, as the highly contagious delta variant continues to spread. The missed deadline could mean that only those who received Pfizers vaccine can get a booster for at least several more weeks.
We always said we would follow the science and this is all part of a process that is now underway, said White House spokesman Chris Meagher. We are awaiting a full review and approval by the FDA and a recommendation by the ACIP. When that approval and recommendation are made, we will be ready to implement the plan our nations top doctors developed so that we are staying ahead of this virus.
While officials said the timeframe was contingent on the FDA’s review, it was a highly unusual move for the most senior health officials to make such a strong recommendation before the FDA has completed their work.
The delay adds to a string of mixed messages from the administration about booster shots that some state health officials say could leave the public confused and delay the deployment of a critical tool.
We are standing in the cold trying to figure out what is going on, Marsh said.